Types of heart disease


 



Heart disease


The heart is a hollow muscle in the human and animal body, and it pumps blood to all parts of the body through blood vessels. The heart is located in the center of the chest, sliding to the left. Either heart disease or heart disease; They are concepts that refer to a wide variety of diseases affecting the heart muscle, and we will talk about them in this article, God willing.



What is heart disease


Arterial heart disease


Arterial heart diseases are diseases that result from narrowing, blockage, or hardening of the arteries of the heart. Where the amount of oxygen reaching the heart is less than the normal rate, and the accumulation of fat in the arteries occurs within years, and when the arteries are hardened or blocked, the patient feels pain in the chest or angina, the symptoms of which are pain in the shoulders, arms, and neck, and the complications of cardiovascular disease to Side that was mentioned: heart attack, weakness of the heart muscle, or when the heartbeat is irregular.


Heart valve disease


In valve diseases, the heart valves are not able to function efficiently. Where it does not close and open normally, and it occurs as a result of several reasons, including: aging, rheumatic fever, myocarditis, and congenital heart disease, and the symptoms of heart valve diseases are shortness of breath, feeling dizzy, feeling heavy in the chest, and irregular heartbeat. Heart, and sweating, especially in the abdomen, heels and feet.


Arrhythmia


The normal human heart rate ranges from 60-100 beats per minute, and the heart may sometimes have an irregularity in this rate; So that it beats higher or lower than normal, in what is known as accelerated heart rate in the first case or slow heartbeat in the second case, and arrhythmia results from many health problems, including: aging, coronary heart disease, heart valve disease, and high Blood pressure, weakness or inflammation of the heart muscle, as for the symptoms of arrhythmia, including: a feeling of chest palpitations, an increase or slow heart rate, dizziness, shortness of breath, and chest pain.


Weakening of the heart muscle


Weakening of the heart muscle is also called heart failure, heart failure, heart sutures, or heart muscle relaxation; And in it, the heart is not able to pump blood efficiently to the body, and this disease develops over time, and this weakness may occur in the right part of the heart or the left part, or both. If the weakness occurs in the right part; The blood will not reach the lungs properly, and if weakness occurs in the left side; The blood will not reach the rest of the body properly, and among the causes of the weakness of the heart muscle are: coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, and an unhealthy lifestyle. As for the symptoms of weak heart muscle, they are: shortness of breath, fatigue, and sweating, especially in the heels. , Feet, legs, stomach and neck.


Congenital heart disease


Congenital heart disease is a disease that occurs during the construction of the heart or blood vessels before the birth of a child. Its symptoms appear in infancy, and it may not appear until adults. Although there are no specific factors that cause these diseases, the most common causes cited by scientists are: viral infections, and the consumption of alcohol and drugs during pregnancy.


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